Project Body Smart | RECIPE: Fiddlehead Pasta with Garlic, Lemon & Crispy Prosciutto
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RECIPE: Fiddlehead Pasta with Garlic, Lemon & Crispy Prosciutto

Fiddleheads

Fiddleheads

OVERVIEW

Blink and you will miss the unique culinary experience of feasting on the furled fronds of the fiddlehead fern.

Having a season of only a few weeks, the fiddlehead is a wild crop that untucks itself from underground in late spring. Fiddleheads are harvested young, when the leaves and stem are still curled into themselves, forming a tightly spiraled disk. If allowed to mature, the green disks gradually unfurl themselves into the broadly splayed fronds of a typical fern.

Due to their short harvesting season, fresh fiddleheads are a rarity in North America and are therefore usually quite expensive and are considered a delicacy. In North America, fiddleheads are most likely to come from the Ostrich fern. Fiddleheads also grow in Europe and Asia.

It is recommended to cook fiddleheads well as they are known to contain toxic compounds that can cause symptoms of food poisoning if eaten raw. Health authorities advise boiling fiddleheads for 15 minutes, or steaming them for 10-12 minutes.*

The fiddlehead is called as such due to its resemblance to the carved, spiral head of a fiddle.

*Note: These recommendations are conservative and may result in overcooking. Culinary enthusiasts advocate fiddleheads be consumed slightly al dente and will likely recommend lower cooking times (6-10 minutes).

IDENTIFICATION

The fiddlehead is composed of a bright green frond tightly furled into a spiraling disk with a stem tail. If you look closely, you will see that the main frond is fringed with tinier fronds, also curled into themselves, making the fiddlehead a natural example of a fractal pattern.

Fiddleheads have a unique taste. They are bitter, astringent, and slightly smoky tasting, and borrow flavor profiles from both asparagus and broccoli.

NUTRITION INFO

100g of fiddleheads has 34 calories, 4.3g protein, 0.4g of fat, and 5.7g of carbohydrates. Fiddleheads are an excellent source of potassium, vitamin K, and folate, and a good source of iron.

SELECTION

Due to their short seasonal window, which, in North America, lasts only for a few weeks at the end of spring, fresh fiddleheads are hard to find.

When they are in season, you will most likely find them at larger grocery stores, health food stores, or fresh produce markets.

When choosing fiddleheads, look for specimens that are deeply green, firm, and tightly coiled with an inch or two of stem. The stem may be a little bit brown at the very tip, and there may be a brown, papery skin around the coil. Both of these things are normal, and can be removed prior to cooking. If the fiddleheads look slimy, wilted, mottled, or loosely coiled, pass them over.

You may also (albeit rarely) find fiddleheads either frozen, or pickled. Choose products with minimal/no extra ingredients.

STORAGE

Store fresh fiddleheads in a tightly sealed plastic bag in the fridge. Stored this way, they will last in the fridge for three to five days. Fresh fiddleheads are rich in tannins (like black tea) and may leak out a brown, watery liquid when stored in the fridge. This is normal. Just give them a rinse before cooking.

Fiddleheads can also be frozen, although it is suggested to blanch them before freezing in order to preserve their texture. You can do this by boiling the fiddleheads for two to three minutes, plunging them into cold water, draining them, and then freezing them in sealed bags. In the freezer, they will stay fresh for about six months. Recall that you will still have to cook them thoroughly when you are ready to use them from the freezer. Thawing prior to cooking is not recommended.

PREPARATION

In order to eat your fiddleheads, do the following:

  • First, remove the papery skin from the coil of the fiddlehead (this may have already been done by your produce purveyor).
  • Give the fiddleheads a rinse by shuffling them around with your hands in a bowl of tepid water, draining, and repeating until the water runs clear.
  • Using a sharp knife, trim off the brown stem tips.
  • Now it’s a choose-your-own-adventure:

Option #1:  Place fiddleheads in a steamer basket over boiling water and steam for 10-12 minutes (according to health authorities).

Option #2: Place fiddleheads in a pot of boiling water and boil for 15 minutes (according to health authorities).

Option #3: Place fiddleheads in a pan with a pat of butter or drizzle of olive oil and some chopped garlic, and sauté for about 7-10 minutes. Finish with a squeeze of fresh lemon juice, a sprinkle of salt, and a grating of parmesan.

RECIPE: FIDDLEHEAD PASTA WITH GARLIC, LEMON & CRISPY PROSCIUTTO

Fiddleheads

Fiddleheads nestle into lemony, garlicky, buttery pasta, tossed with toasted walnuts and crispy prosciutto. Because fiddlehead season is so short you won’t be able to have this dish every day – so savor it while you can!

INGREDIENTS

prosciutto, cut in small pieces
4oz
unsalted organic butter
4 tbsp
garlic cloves, finely minced
6
fiddleheads, coarse ends trimmed
3 cups
pasta, cooked
4 servings
sea salt
1/2 tsp
capers
3 tbsp
walnuts, toasted, coarsely chopped
1 cup
lemon, juiced
1
lemon, zested
1
armigiano reggiano, grated
1/4 cup
parsley, fresh, finely minced
to taste
extra virgin olive oil
to taste
salt
to taste
pepper
to taste

DIRECTIONS

Prep Time: 15 minutes   Cook Time: 25 minutes   Yield: 4 servings

First, crisp the prosciutto: Place sliced prosciutto in a large non-stick pan over medium-high heat and cook, stirring frequently, until crispy, about 5-7 minutes. When crispy, remove prosciutto from pan onto a separate plate, and set aside.

Using the same pan, add butter and heat over medium-high. Add minced garlic, and cook until it begins to turn golden, about 1 minute. Add washed and trimmed fiddleheads to the pan and sauté for about 7-10 minutes, or until tender.

Once fiddleheads are cooked, reduce heat and add pasta, salt, capers, walnuts, lemon juice, and lemon zest to the pan and toss to combine.

Once all ingredients are combined, serve into individual bowls and top with parmigiano, fresh parsley, and crispy prosciutto. Season with a drizzle of good quality olive oil, and additional salt and freshly cracked pepper to taste, if desired. Enjoy!

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